September 20, 2022



To understand what a root canal, one first needs to understand the structure of the tooth. The diagram below will be supplemental.

Deciphering The Tooth Structure 

As shown above, the tooth is made up of two parts namely: the crown and the root.  
The crown is the top part of the tooth that can be seen in the mouth extruding out of the gums.
The root is the part that extends down into the bone of the jaw, planting the tooth firmly in position.

And the root canal system contains the dental pulp that stretches from the crown of the tooth all the way to the end of the root.

Tidbit: A tooth can have more than one root canal.


root canal is a dental procedure that involves the removal of the pulp, i.e the soft center of the tooth. As depicted in the diagram, the pulp consists of nerves, connective tissue, and blood vessels that enable the tooth to grow and serve to hold it tightly in place.

In most cases, a general dental practitioner or a special dentist, known as endodontist, performs a root canal on a patient while the patient is under anesthesia around the tooth locale.

Purpose of a Root Canal

A root canal treatment is intended to remove bacteria from the infected root canal thereby preventing reinfection and to save the natural tooth. When a patient undergoes a root canal treatment process, the affected or infected pulp is discarded and the inside of the tooth is cleaned, disinfected, and then filled before being sealed. This is a corrective procedure.

Do you or your loved ones need a root canal treatment?

Simply schedule a consult with our dentist, for advise, management and treatment options. Send an email to or call 08139850710.